So why has a form of banking that has proved a dead duck in the West been such a hit across the continent? It has been estimated that there are a billion people around the world who lack a bank account but own a mobile. Africa has the fastest-growing mobile phone market in the world and most of the operators are local firms. In countries like South Africa, for example, mobile phones outnumber fixed lines by eight to one.
Early history[ edit ] The 'Two Rhino' painting at Tsodilo. Archaeological digs have shown that hominids have lived in Botswana for around two million years. Stone tools and fauna remains have shown that all areas of the country were inhabited at leastyears ago.
Both speak Khoisan languages and hunted, gathered, and traded over long distances. When cattle were first introduced about years ago into southern Africa, pastoralism became a major feature of the economy, since the region had large grasslands free of tsetse fly.
In that era, the ancestors of the modern-day Kalanga moved into what is now the north-eastern areas of the country. These proto-Kalanga were closely connected to states in Zimbabwe as well as to the Mapungubwe state.
These states, located outside of current Botswana's borders, appear to have kept massive cattle herds in what is now the Central District—apparently at numbers approaching modern cattle density. During this era, the first Tswana-speaking groups, the Bakgalagadimoved into the southern areas of the Kalahari.
All these various peoples were connected to trade routes that ran via the Limpopo River to the Indian Ocean, and trade goods from Asia such as beads made their way to Botswana most likely in exchange for ivory, gold, and rhinoceros horn. Members of the Bakwenaa chieftaincy under a legendary leader named Kgabo II, made their way into the southern Kalahari by ADat the latest, and his people drove the Bakgalagadi inhabitants west into the desert.
Over the years, several offshoots of the Bakwena moved into adjoining territories. The Bangwaketse occupied areas to the west, while the Bangwato moved northeast into formerly Kalanga areas. Mfecane British colonial drawing of a "Booshuana village", The first written records relating to modern-day Botswana appear in What these records show is that the Bangwaketse had become the predominant power in the region.
Under the rule of Makaba II, the Bangwaketse kept vast herds of cattle in well-protected desert areas, and used their military prowess to raid their neighbors.
Although the Bangwaketse were able to defeat the invading Bakololo inover time all the major chiefdoms in Botswana were attacked, weakened, and impoverished. The Bakololo and Amandebele raided repeatedly, and took large numbers of cattle, women, and children from the Batswana—most of whom were driven into the desert or sanctuary areas such as hilltops and caves.
Only afterwhen the Amandebele moved into western Zimbabwe, did this threat subside. The Bakwena, Bangwaketse, Bangwato and Batawana cooperated to control the lucrative ivory trade, and then used the proceeds to import horses and guns, which in turn enabled them to establish control over what is now Botswana.
This process was largely complete byand thus the Bushmen, the Kalanga, the Bakgalagadi, and other current minorities were subjugated by the Batswana. In a coalition of Tswana chiefdoms led by Sechele I resisted Afrikaner incursions, and after about eight years of intermittent tensions and hostilities, eventually came to a peace agreement in Potchefstroom in From that point on, the modern-day border between South Africa and Botswana was agreed on, and the Afrikaners and Batswana traded and worked together peacefully.Related Posts:Adoption Malpractice in Liberia kHz Talata-Volonondry, Madagascar Transmitter.
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It is relatively free of corruption and has a good human rights record. Sparsely.
Botswana will ban commercial hunting from January over growing concerns about the sharp decline in wildlife species, officials have announced. "The shooting of wild game for sport and. Africa Business Report.
4, likes · 2 talking about this. Africa Business Report is a monthly show on BBC World News giving businesses an insight into.