Once set, gods and men abide it, neither truly able nor willing to contest it.
There is no single, authoritative text which tells the entire events of the war. Instead, the story is assembled from a variety of sources, some of which report contradictory versions of the events. The most important literary sources are the two epic poems traditionally credited to Homerthe Iliad and the Odysseycomposed sometime between the 9th and 6th centuries BC.
It is generally thought that the poems were written down in the 7th and 6th century BC, after the composition of the Homeric poems, though it is widely believed that they were based on earlier traditions.
Even after the composition of the Iliad, Odyssey, and the Cyclic Epics, the myths of the Trojan War were passed on orally in many genres of poetry and through non-poetic storytelling. Events and details of the story that are only found in later authors may have been passed on through oral tradition and could be as old as the Homeric poems.
Visual art, such as vase paintingwas another medium in which myths of the Trojan War circulated. The three great tragedians of Athens - AeschylusSophoclesand Euripides — wrote a number of dramas that portray episodes from the Trojan War.
Among Roman writers the most important is the 1st century BC poet Virgil. Origins of the war Plan of Zeus According to Greek mythology, Zeus had become king of the gods by overthrowing his father Cronus ; Cronus in turn had overthrown his father Uranus.
Zeus was not faithful to his wife and sister Heraand had many relationships from which many children were born. Since Zeus believed that there were too many people populating the earth, he envisioned Momus  or Themis who was to use the Trojan War as a means to depopulate the Earth, especially of his demigod descendants.
Now all the gods were divided through strife; for at that very time Zeus who thunders on high was meditating marvelous deeds, even to mingle storm and tempest over the boundless earth, and already he was hastening to make an utter end of the race of mortal men, declaring that he would destroy the lives of the demi-gods, that the children of the gods should not mate with wretched mortals, seeing their fate with their own eyes; but that the blessed gods henceforth even as aforetime should have their living and their habitations apart from men.
But on those who were born of immortals and of mankind verily Zeus laid toil and sorrow upon sorrow. Judgement of Paris Zeus came to learn from either Themis  or Prometheusafter Heracles had released him from Caucasus that, like his father Cronus, he would be overthrown by one of his sons.
Another prophecy stated that a son of the sea-nymph Thetiswith whom Zeus fell in love after gazing upon her in the oceans off the Greek coast, would become greater than his father.
They quarreled bitterly over it, and none of the other gods would venture an opinion favoring one, for fear of earning the enmity of the other two. Eventually, Zeus ordered Hermes to lead the three goddesses to Paris, a prince of Troywho, unaware of his ancestry, was being raised as a shepherd in Mount Ida because of a prophecy that he would be the downfall of Troy.
Paris was unable to decide between them, so the goddesses resorted to bribes. Athena offered Paris wisdom, skill in battle, and the abilities of the greatest warriors; Hera offered him political power and control of all of Asia ; and Aphrodite offered him the love of the most beautiful woman in the world, Helen of Sparta.
Paris awarded the apple to Aphrodite, and, after several adventures, returned to Troy, where he was recognized by his royal family. Thetis gives her son Achilles weapons forged by Hephaestus detail of Attic black-figure hydria— BC Peleus and Thetis bore a son, whom they named Achilles.
It was foretold that he would either die of old age after an uneventful life, or die young in a battlefield and gain immortality through poetry. Some of these state that she held him over fire every night to burn away his mortal parts and rubbed him with ambrosia during the day, but Peleus discovered her actions and stopped her.
He grew up to be the greatest of all mortal warriors. Her mother was Ledawho had been either raped or seduced by Zeus in the form of a swan.
Finally, one of the suitors, Odysseus of Ithacaproposed a plan to solve the dilemma.The Iliad is the first great book, and the first great book about the suffering and loss of war.
We love to tell stories about war. Tony Blair . The Trojan War. Prologue to Homer's Iliad. In Greek mythology the Trojan War was a conflict in which Greek warriors sailed the Aegean to what is now Turkey and besieged the citadel of Troy for ten years.
The Iliad was the most famous epic poems of the Trojan War, set on the ninth year of the war. Along with the Odyssey, these two works were undoubtedly the greatest masterpieces in Greek literature.
The Iliad was composed by little known author named Homer, who probably lived in the 9th-8th century BC. The Trojan War and Epic Cycle I; The Iliad The Iliad- heroic epic The Iliad is a poem that is attributed to Homer Homer may be a blind man, but no one can agree where he came from Homer credited to composing the Homeric epics Earliest written poetry that we have written for the Archaic period Homer in relation to the Trojan war The Iliad is a poem in 24 books, 24 books for the Odyssey The epic.
Aug 21, · Watch video · The story of the Trojan War—the Bronze Age conflict between the kingdoms of Troy and Mycenaean Greece–straddles the history and mythology of ancient Greece and inspired the greatest writers of. The Iliad (/ ˈ ɪ l i ə d /; Ancient Greek: Ἰλιάς Iliás, pronounced in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to torosgazete.com during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy (Ilium) by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and events Adaptations: Troy.